Hyperpigmentation,🤦🏿Dark Spots-Underlying 🤦🏿Causes & Treatments🩺
Melanin 🏾 is the pigment that imparts colour to the skin. Hyperpigmentation refers to a condition where there is excess production of this pigment. Several factors have been known to trigger hyperpigmentation which is responsible for dark spots and uneven skin tone. Dark spots can appear on any skin type (medium or dark skin being more susceptible), due to injury, sun damage🌞, acne, during pregnancy 🤰🏼and in the older population.
Which parts of the body can hyperpigmentation affect? 👰💪🦵🏻🧍
Usually, hyperpigmentation is localized and affects certain areas of the body in the form of small patches but in some conditions, it may affect larger areas or even the entire body.🧍
🔡Types of Hyperpigmentation and their Underlying Causes:🔡
💁Melasma-This type of hyperactivity in melanocytes (cells producing melanin) is often observed during pregnancy due to increase in levels of hormones namely estrogen and progesterone. Melasma can also be triggered by certain medications such as oral contraceptives, photosensitizing drugs such as retinoids etc.1 Stress is also known to trigger melasma due to increased production of “stress hormone” known as Cortisol.
💁Sunspots-Research has indicated that chronic exposure to sun is responsible for age spots, which are brown to black pigmented lesions formed on skin.1 Exposure to sun triggers production of melanin as this pigment acts as natural sunscreen for our body but prolonged exposure to sun disrupts this homeostasis causing hyperpigmentation.
💁Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation-This temporary pigmentation is usually observed in response to thermal injury, inflammatory disorders such as dermatitis, skin condition such as Acne vulgaris etc.
😁Strategies to combat Hyperpigmentation:😁
😎Avoid direct sunlight🌞-Direct exposure to sunlight should be avoided specifically during the peak hours of 10 am to 2 pm. Use hats, shades, caps whenever possible.
😎Using a good quality sunscreen🧴-A good quality sunscreen with SPF 30 or above should be liberally re-applied over all exposed areas every 2 hours especially after swimming.
😎Replenish your skin with Vitamin C Serum🍊- Vitamin C inhibits melanin production, thus helping in depigmentation of hyperpigmented spots. OrganiCAN’s Vitamin C serum contains 20 % Vitamin C in the form of STACY-C®. STACY-C® is a highly stable form of Vitamin C in comparison to straight ascorbic acid. STACY-C® bio-converts into Vitamin C by phosphatases present in the skin. It effectively scavenges free radicals responsible for damaging collagen which leads to fine lines and wrinkles. Our Vitamin C serum is day and night. It is a light formula that deeply hydrates & brightens the skin.
😎Hydrate your skin🥛- Dehydration of skin can cause blood vessels to shrink specifically in areas where skin is thinner and blood vessels are more visible. This can lead to hyperpigmentation and age spots, especially in facial areas around your eyes and nose.
It is critical to deeply hydrate the skin internally by drinking at least 6-8 glasses of water 🥛 everyday along with use of external hydrating agents. The key molecule involved in skin moisture is hyaluronic acid that has a unique capacity in retaining water. Youthful skin is hydrated because it contains large amounts of hyaluronic acid. Our Hyaluronic acid Serum is a unique blend of botanical Hyaluronic acid (extracted from seeds of Cassia angustifolia), Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Witch Hazel🍁, Geranium and Aloe vera 🌵 and Green Tea 🌿extracts that deeply hydrates the skin while providing it with an even brightening feel. Regular use of our Hyaluronic acid serum and Vitamin C serum provides a synergistic 👸🏽 effect against hyperpigmentation, dark spots, fine lines and wrinkles.
- Handel AC et al. Melasma: a clinical and epidemiological review. An Bras Dermatol. 2014;89(5):771-82.
- Choi W. et al, Molecular and histological characterization of age spots, Exp. Dermatol. Exp Dermatol. 2017 March; 26(3): 242–248.
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